INTERCEPTIVE TREATMENT OF DENTO-MAXILLARY ANOMALIES: AN EFFECTIVE APPROACH TO CORRECTING EARLY DEVIATIONS


Abstracts:

Interceptive treatment of dento-maxillary anomalies is a therapeutic strategy aimed at correcting craniofacial deviations in the early stages of development, before they worsen and require more invasive interventions.

This article explores the importance and benefits of interceptive treatment, examining the different dento-maxillary anomalies and the specific therapeutic approaches used at this critical stage of growth and development.

Introduction:

Dento-maxillary anomalies can occur during craniofacial growth and development and can have a significant impact on patients’ oral functionality, facial aesthetics and quality of life.

Interceptive treatment aims at early intervention to guide normal growth and development of the jaws and dental arches, minimizing or avoiding the need for complex orthodontic treatments in later life.

Common dento-maxillary anomalies:

There are a number of dento-maxillary anomalies that may benefit from interceptive treatment. Among the most common are malocclusion, jaw size and position discrepancies, skeletal disharmonies, dentofacial disproportions and problems with dental development.

These abnormalities can affect not only dental alignment but also the functionality of the dental system.

Interceptive therapeutic approaches:

Interceptive treatment involves a range of techniques and devices that are tailored to the specifics of each patient. Among the most commonly used interceptive therapeutic approaches are the functional appliance, the rapid jaw expansion appliance, the cervical sleeve and the palatal expansion appliance.

These devices are designed to guide proper growth and development of the jaws, harmonizing the relationship between the jaw and the mandible and ensuring proper alignment of the teeth.

Benefits of interceptive treatment:

Interceptive treatment offers a number of significant benefits to patients. In addition to correcting dento-maxillary deviations at an early stage, it can help improve breathing, swallowing and phonetics. It can also reduce the risk of dental trauma and improve the aesthetic appearance of the patient’s face and smile.

In addition, interceptive treatment can contribute to harmonious development of the jaws and dental arches, which may reduce the likelihood of the need for more complex orthodontic treatments in the future.

Develop a personalized approach:

Interceptive treatment requires an individualized assessment of the patient, taking into account factors such as age, stage of development, type and severity of the dento-maxillary anomaly.

This personalized approach allows the orthodontist to identify the most effective devices and techniques to correct the patient’s specific deviation and maximize treatment outcomes.

The importance of collaboration between specialists: Collaboration between orthodontists and other dental or medical specialties is essential to ensure effective interceptive treatment.

For example, in the case of a severe dento-maxillary anomaly, the intervention of a maxillofacial surgeon may be necessary to correct skeletal discrepancies. It is also important to involve the orthopedist in the case of associated craniofacial developmental problems. Through the joint efforts of different specialists, an integrated and coordinated approach to the successful treatment of dento-maxillary anomalies can be ensured.

During a child’s growth and somatic development, many changes also occur in the dento-maxillary apparatus.

The jaws increase in volume, thus adapting for the subsequent eruption of teeth. Tooth eruption consists of two main stages.

In the first stage, the temporary teeth, twenty in number, will occupy the space at the level of the dental arches, providing the functions of the stomatognathic system. This stage lasts from 6 months to 30 months.

In the second stage, temporary teeth will be replaced by permanent teeth. Given the complexity of these phenomena taking place in the oral cavity, there is often a risk of mismatches between the eruptive age and the degree of development of the jaw bones, resulting in dento-maxillary anomalies.

The aim of interceptive orthodontics is to detect dento-maxillary anomalies as early as possible, preferably in the early stages. Early diagnosis and elimination of harmful factors that interfere with the growth and development of the dento-maxillary apparatus helps to ensure the conditions for a favorable development.

A particular role in intercepting dento-maxillary anomalies at an early stage is played by parents, through attendance at dental check-ups.

The child should be taught from an early age with the presence of the dentist, in order to create the strongest possible relationship between them, facilitating the subsequent stages of treatment.

Interceptive treatment is aimed at eliminating the factors that led to the appearance of dento-maxillary anomalies, to minimize or even exclude their effects on healthy growth.

The advantages of interceptive therapy are.

Reduction in the frequency of dento-maxillary anomalies – starting treatment as early as possible reduces the risk of future adverse outcomes. Thus, development will be shaped according to the desires of a functional dento-maxillary apparatus.

Achieving results in a shorter time – correcting an anomaly in young adults requires more resources.

Thus, the bones have already stopped growing and the only way to intervene in them is surgically. At the bone growth stage, however, the bone is more elastic and changes can be made without the surgeon’s intervention.

Aesthetically pleasing

– Children suffer if their appearance is not pleasing, especially in adolescence when they can even become the butt of mischievous jokes from their peers.

As they get older, they become more open to the idea of wearing braces and regret not making this choice earlier.

Ensuring harmonious jaw growth without the need for extractions – dentists are constantly fighting against decay and to keep teeth in the arch for as long as possible.

This is why there is always a reluctance to extract a healthy tooth, especially as the abnormality could have been prevented with a therapeutic approach in childhood.

Simpler therapeutic means – orthodontic treatment with removable appliances means a simplification of the processes of correcting dento-maxillary anomalies in the future.

From a financial point of view, it is also a relief for parents. For the patient who has become a teenager, it is a confidence boost and a desire to continue treatment having already had the results of previous therapy.

Conclusion:

Interceptive treatment of dento-maxillary anomalies is an essential therapeutic strategy to correct early deviations in the initial stages of development.

Through early and personalized intervention, growth and development of the jaws and dental arches can be guided, minimizing or avoiding the need for complex orthodontic treatments in later life.

Collaboration between dental specialists and orthodontists plays a crucial role in ensuring the success of interceptive treatment and optimal patient outcomes. Therefore, understanding the importance and benefits of interceptive treatment is essential for dental professionals and patients to promote optimal oral and facial health.

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