CORRELATION BETWEEN ORAL HEALTH AND NORMAL BODY FUNCTION


Correlation between oral health and normal body function

There is a strong correlation between oral health and normal body function.

Oral health refers to the well-being of the oral cavity, including the teeth, gums, tongue and mucous membranes.

Dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum inflammation, can have a significant impact on the whole body.

For example, chronic inflammation of the gums, known as periodontal disease, can lead to bacteria in the bloodstream.

This can cause infections in other parts of the body, such as the heart or lungs, and can have a negative impact on overall health.

Dental problems can also have a negative impact on nutrition. Teeth are essential for chewing food so that it can be digested and assimilated by the body.

If teeth are weak or damaged, it can be difficult to eat certain foods and this can lead to malnutrition.

In conclusion, oral health is essential for the normal functioning of the body.

By maintaining proper oral hygiene and treating dental problems early, it can contribute to the body’s overall well-being and prevent health problems associated with dental problems.

Maintaining good hygiene of the teeth and gums is a habit that positively influences overall health.

They can prevent the development of halitosis, tooth decay and dental pathologies. As we age, teeth are increasingly susceptible to bacterial attack. But careful care helps in the fight against pathogens.

An unhealthy oral cavity with chronic or acute infectious processes can increase an individual’s risk of developing general pathologies such as myocardial infarction, diabetes or even lead to premature birth of the fetus.

What is found in the oral cavity of patients reflects their general health but also their concern for themselves.

General pathologies with oral manifestations

The oral cavity is the source of communication between the digestive system and the outside world, often useful for detecting hidden pathologies affecting distant organs.

  • HIV: characteristic mucosal lesions appear

  • Diabetes: the oral mucosa is dry, lesions that occur at this level heal more slowly and during dental operations we have prolonged bleeding.

Importance of saliva in detecting malfunction of other systems

Saliva is a medium from which valuable information can be obtained about possible general pathologies.

  • Some proteins identified in saliva are useful for monitoring bone loss in osteoporosis.

  • Saliva also contains markers of cancer

  • Hepatitis can be confirmed from saliva samples

  • Harmful substances such as drugs, air pollutants, hormones and antibodies can be detected in routine saliva tests.

In addition to its ability to indicate certain pathologies, saliva also plays a major role in disintegrating bacteria and viruses and contributing to oral health. Antibodies in saliva help in the fight against viruses or even infections or fungal contamination.

When the body is affected by a disease that compromises the optimal functioning of the immune system, such as AIDS, resistance to bacteria and the saliva’s ability to defend itself decreases dramatically, and the oral cavity is populated by more and more pathogen species that will express their pathogenic potential unhindered.

Dental plaque

Oral bacteria organize themselves into a particularly resistant biofilm, which is supported by dental plaque found in dental units almost continuously, which is difficult to eliminate completely.

Patients who have an untidy oral cavity, where hygiene leaves much to be desired, are likely to develop various pathologies that start orally but spread throughout the body.

Gingivitis

Gingival inflammation progresses to periodontitis, in which the bone loses its hard structure and the teeth become mobile. Once the dental units are compromised, gastric pathologies occur through the inability to perform the complete oral stage of digestion.

Infections

Abscesses or other infections originating in the teeth or mucous membranes can cause bacterial endocarditis. Any infection can trigger inflammation throughout the body, causing atheromas.

Periodontitis

Periodontal disease causes halitosis and is directly related to diabetes and high blood pressure.

Total or partial edema

The loss of one or more teeth in addition to masticatory dysfunctions and digestive tract disorders leads to aesthetic problems which can easily lead to psychological pathologies, isolating the patient from the rest of society.

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