PRF membrane in dental surgery

Dental procedures have varying degrees of invasiveness, depending on the type of pathology present.

Dentistry is divided into several branches, each dealing with a specific segment, of which the best known are the following:

Prosthodontics – this branch specializes in restoring the morphology and functions lost with the installation of edentations.

Teeth can be lost for various reasons such as carious processes, periodontal disease or trauma.

Regardless of the causative agent, the result is the same – tooth loss.

Prosthodontics comes to the aid of these patients and restores them through work that is added to the remaining teeth or directly to the bone in the case of implants. In this way, the integrity of the arches is restored.

Conservative dentistry – this branch aims to restore the morphology of teeth that have been damaged to a certain extent either by decay, trauma or other types of injury.

By using materials that are bonded by adhesive systems to the part of the tooth remaining in the dental arches, the tooth is restored and the defect is no longer perceived by the patient.

The materials used in these techniques are of colors and shades that resemble the natural tooth to enhance aesthetics.

Orthodontics – is the branch of dentistry that takes care that teeth are perfectly aligned at the level of the dental arches, to relieve the temporomandibular joint of further suffering but also to enhance the appearance of patients.

Dental surgery – is the branch of dentistry concerned with the removal of oral tumor formations or irrecoverable teeth that no longer have a chance of remaining in the dental arches.

Also, when the treatment plan indicates the application of implants but the bone is insufficient, surgery comes to the aid of patients through bone addition techniques.

Surgical techniques are usually invasive, especially when removing teeth that are included at bone level or when bone addition is used.

In these cases, healing can be painful, difficult and patients may experience considerable swelling.

To ensure the most atraumatic post-operative tissue healing possible, PRF membranes, Platelet Rich Fibrin, meaning fibrin-rich platelets, are applied.

The method of obtaining PRF membranes is not complicated and is based on the collection of blood from the patient’s veins.

Usually before starting the treatment, the doctor will collect 2-3 tubes of blood which he or she will centrifuge for a certain time, not more than 15 minutes.

After this time, the blood in the tubes will sediment in several layers and on the surface, we will have a yellowish, gelatinous membrane that will be applied to the resulting defect postoperatively.

The benefits of using PRF membranes have also been confirmed by numerous studies and relate to protecting the wound from penetration by external factors. The FRP membrane thus becomes a barrier that limits the penetration of aggressors. Studies also show that PRF membranes reduce post-operative oedema and promote rapid wound healing.

These membranes will in turn be protected by suturing the post-operative defect to make sure they stay in place.

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