Stages of applying veneers


Steps in applying veneers

Dental veneers are single-tooth prosthetic pieces, made of a thin sheet of ceramic, composite or zirconium oxide, realized in collaboration with the dental laboratory. Recently, for increased precision and impeccable aesthetics, dental laboratories have been using CAD-CAM System technology for scanning and milling the part from a ceramic block.
The resulting work is then cemented onto the visible surface of the teeth, especially the front teeth.

There are two types of veneers:

  • The first category of veneers, the classic veneers, are obtained by pre-preparing the teeth.
    A small amount of tooth enamel will be polished, depending on the morphology and other particularities of the tooth (discoloration).
    This method is indicated in cases where a dramatic change in the appearance of the tooth is required, but also in the case of voluminous or vestibularized teeth where the application of veneers after minimal or no preparation would result in an oversized tooth.
  • The second category are veneers that do not require tooth preparation and are used on small teeth with interdental spaces.
    The advantage of this method is the preservation of tooth tissue, so that there is no risk of the patient experiencing tooth sensitivity following over-preparation.

Steps

The steps involved in tooth preparation and veneer application are as follows:

First session:

  • The consultation will be performed by the doctor specialized in this type of prosthetic work.
    In cooperation with the patient, the type of veneer and the teeth requiring this therapy will be chosen.

  • Before choosing the type of preparation and the number of veneers, it will be determined whether the patient is suitable for this type of prosthetic work.

This means that locally, the patient must maintain a rigorous local hygiene and the morphology of the teeth must allow the veneers to be applied.
The tooth surfaces must be intact, with no substance missing. If this is not the case, the treatment plan should be changed and appropriate therapeutic solutions chosen.

  • Once the tooth surfaces have been professionally cleaned, the actual polishing of the teeth begins, more specifically the visible tooth surface, where the veneer will be applied. If veneers are to be applied without prior preparation, the veneers will be directly prepared and then directly prepared for the impression.

  • The impression of veneers is one of the most important steps in order to obtain a long-lasting product. This stage must be carried out with great patience and high-quality materials. Once the impression has been made, the first sealing is completed. Temporary work may be applied, especially in the case of teeth that have been considerably polished.

Second session:

  • Veneers may be applied, necessarily provisionally, to see the adaptation to the soft tissues.

  • If everything looks as anticipated, the dental surface can be cleaned and prepared for veneers.

  • The veneers are fixed and then the patient can use them immediately after cementation.

By following the dentist’s instructions regarding local hygiene and the use of veneers, this type of treatment can be very successful over time.

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