Periodontics and prevention of periodontal disease


Periodontic treatment and prevention of periodontal disease

At first glance, root planing may seem like a trivial operation, but it plays a very important role in the prevention of diseases, the most important of which, by far, is periodontal disease.

Regular scaling, at intervals set by your dentist depending on the quality of your saliva and eating habits, is essential to protect your teeth from the negative effects of tartar deposits.

Tartar is a hard, calcified compound that irritates the gums as it settles on them.

This is why some patients who do not have regular scaling experience bleeding gums when brushing or eating hard foods.

Tartar, in addition to the mechanical component of tooth irritation, also presents a vast reservoir of bacteria, which can maintain surrounding carious processes and maintain a septic environment for the whole body.

There are some uncertainties of the effects, benefits and consequences of detraction, so we will summaries them below:

  • Teeth become whiter and cleaner with scaling, but may become slightly sensitive.

Also, interdental, in the place occupied by tartar, you will see loose black spaces.

Some of these will be filled in gradually, with the gums coming up over the next period.

  • Once the extraction has been carried out, it will be clear whether there are any stains or cavities in the teeth that need to be treated.

The stains will disappear after scaling, while the cavities will remain.

  • It is recommended to have a root canal every 6 months.

However, this interval may differ from patient to patient.

For example, as you get older, your saliva becomes richer in minerals, so the risk of tartar formation increases.

On the other hand, eating hard foods decreases the risk of tartar formation, whereas one-sided chewing (on one side only) leads to tartar formation on the contralateral side, due to the lack of saliva’s ability to push and wash away debris.

The use of secondary means of hygiene (flossing, mouthwash, mouthwash) reduces the formation of tartar and plaque, whereas the high pH of saliva encourages their formation.

Pregnancy or the use of certain medications can also promote the development of tartar deposits.

It is more than necessary to follow your dentist’s advice and to have regular, mutually agreed scaling, as unremoved tartar deposits accumulate in increasing quantities, both above and below the gumline, causing periodontal disease over time.

It starts with gum recession, due to mechanical mechanisms pushing the gums by the tartar deposits, and continues with bone damage as bacteria reach the bone.

The bone will react by resorption and over time, tooth mobility will lead to tooth loss.

In order to prevent caries and periodontal disease, it is mandatory for patients to see their dentist every 6 months.

Moreover, it is recommended that at the same interval patients seek prophylaxis services consisting of tooth extraction, professional brushing and, if necessary, fluoridation.

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